LAN are typically used in a small area, say, a building or an office complex. The need for LANs really cropped when PCs appeared on the computing scene. A point to be noted before we discuss anything more is that there are many different versions of LAN being sold in the market by many different vendors. Most. LANs support live or more terminals. There are LANs which support even one hundred terminals. The figure shows several terminals attached to the file server. In many networks these terminals, can be either dumb or intelligent. A dumb terminal is nothing but a keyboard and monitor and a small interface unit which links it to the host computer.
The user siding at the dumb terminal can access the host, but since the terminal does not have- a hard disk or a floppy disk drive he has to store all his data on the file server itself. In fact, the dumb terminal does not have a hard disk or a floppy disk drive he has to store all his data on the file server itself. In fact, the dumb terminal does not have any processing power. An intelligent terminal however is just like a PC (in fact a PC, in most cases), with its own processor, memory and hard-disk drive. It can be used to work with the files stored in the host or it can even work as a stand-alone unit.